On one side of the Mason-Dixon line, a somber, industrial North grew crowded with immigrants and rich with invention and manufacturing. On the other, the languid South likewise prospered, but its wealth came not from factories, but from plantations where cruelty and human suffering were the only currency known.
His mother died shortly after his birth, and he was committed to the care of his uncle Lot Benton, by whom he was adopted as a son, and with whom his early life was spent between blacksmithing and farming. But it was soon found that he preferred study. He was fitted for college by the Rev.
Bray, and at the age of eighteen entered Yalegraduating in Here he married his first wife, Roxana Foote. To eke out his scanty income, his wife opened a private school, in which he was an instructor.
Ministry in Litchfield, Connecticut — [ edit ] Finding his salary wholly inadequate to support his increasing family, he resigned the charge at East Hampton, and in moved to Litchfield, Connecticutwhere he was minister to the town's Congregational Churchand where he remained 16 years.
Temperance[ edit ] The excessive use of alcoholknown as "intemperance," was a source of concern in New England as in the rest of the United States. Heavy drinking even occurred at some formal meetings of clergy, and Beecher resolved to take a stand against it. In he delivered and published six sermons on intemperance.
They were sent throughout the United States, ran rapidly through many editions in Englandand were translated into several languages on the European continent, and had a large sale even after the lapse of 50 years.
Litchfield was at this time the seat of a famous law school and several other institutions of learning, and Beecher now a doctor of divinity and his wife undertook to supervise the training of several young women, who were received into their family.
Along with his presidency, he was also professor of sacred theology, and pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church of Cincinnati today, this congregation is Covenant First Presbyterian Church  He served as a pastor for the first ten years of his Lane presidency.
Lane Rebels[ edit ] Beecher's term at Lane came at a time when a number of intense issues, particularly slaverythreatened to divide the Presbyterian Church, the state of Ohioand the nation. The French Revolution ofthe agitation in England for reform and against colonial slavery, and the punishment by American courts of citizens who had dared to attack the slave trade carried on under the American flag, had begun to direct the attention of American philanthropists to the evils of American slavery, and an abolition convention met in Philadelphia in Its president, Arthur Tappanthrough whose liberal donations Beecher had been secured to Lane Seminary, forwarded to the students a copy of the address issued by the convention, and the whole subject was soon under discussion.
Many of the students were from the south, and an effort was made to stop the discussions and the meetings. Slaveholders from Kentucky came in and incited mob violence, and for several weeks Beecher lived in a turmoil, not knowing how soon the rabble might destroy the seminary and the houses of the professors.
The board of trustees interfered during the absence of Beecher, and allayed the excitement of the mob by forbidding all further discussion of slavery in the Seminary, whereupon the students withdrew en masse. The events sparked a growing national discussion of abolition that contributed to the beginning of the Civil War.
Heresy trial over New School sympathies[ edit ] Although earlier in his career he had opposed them, Beecher stoked controversy by advocating "new measures" of evangelism e.
These new measures at the time of the Second Great Awakening brought turmoil to churches all across America. The trial took place in his own church, and Beecher defended himself, while burdened with the cares of his seminary, his church, and his wife at home on her death bed.
The trial resulted in acquittal, and, on an appeal to the general synod, he was again acquitted, but the controversy engendered by the action went on until the Presbyterian church was divided in two.
Move from Cincinnati to New York City —death in [ edit ] After the slavery controversy, Beecher and his co-worker Stowe remained and tried to revive the prosperity of the Seminary, but at last abandoned it.
The great project of their lives was defeated, and they returned to the East, where Beecher went to live with his son Henry in Brooklyn, New Yorkin He wished to devote himself mainly to the revisal and publication of his works.
But his intellectual powers began to decline, while his physical strength was unabated. About his 80th year he suffered a stroke of paralysis, and thenceforth his mental powers only gleamed out occasionally. Legacy[ edit ] Beecher was proverbially absent-minded, and after having been wrought up by the excitement of preaching was accustomed to relax his mind by playing "Auld Lang Syne" on the violin, or dancing the "double shuffle" in his parlor.
Harriet lived here until her marriage.
It is open to the public and operates as an historical and cultural site, focusing on Harriet Beecher Stowethe Lane Theological Seminary and the Underground Railroad. The site also documents African-American history. His published works are: He made a collection of those of his works which he deemed the most valuable 3 vols.
They had nine children: Roxana died on September 13, 5th Grade: UNITED STATES HISTORY - PRIMARY SOURCE DOCUMENTS "In the fifth grade, students will enlarge the study of history, government, economics, and geography as they study .
During the last three decades of legal slavery in America, from the early s to the end of the Civil War in , African American writers perfected one of the nation’s first truly indigenous genres of written literature: the North American slave narrative.
War Between the States. American Civil War or any other name.
Free lapbook and unit study. Childhood Harriet Elizabeth "Hattie" Beecher was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, on June 14, , into a family of powerful and very demanding individuals. Life and work. Harriet Elisabeth Beecher was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, on June 14, She was the seventh of 13 children born to outspoken Calvinist preacher Lyman heartoftexashop.com mother was his first wife, Roxana (Foote), a deeply religious woman who died when Stowe was only five years old.
Harriet Beecher Stowe was a very influential woman in the s, mostly due to her best-selling anti-slavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Harriet came .