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Function[ edit ] A record producer or music producer has a very broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musiciansproposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, and supervising the entire process through audio mixing recorded music and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage.
Producers also often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules, contracts, and negotiations. In the s, the recording industry has two kinds of producers with different roles: Executive producers oversee project finances while music producers oversee the creative process of recording songs or albums.
A record producer who produces a song for another producer without receiving recognition is a ghost producer. In most cases the music producer is also a competent arranger, composer, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project.
As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer often selects or gives suggestions to the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools and creates a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, which is in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer.
The producer will also liaise with the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording, whereas the executive producer keeps an eye on the overall project's marketability.
Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie.
Indeed, in Bollywood musicthe designation is actually music director. The music producer's job is to create, shape, and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album — in which case the producer will typically develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate.
History[ edit ] At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live.
The role of producers changed progressively over the s and s due to technological developments. The development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song lead vocals, backup vocals, rhythm section instrument accompanimentsolos and orchestral parts had to be performed simultaneously.
All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio and the performance had to be recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the basslinedrums, and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, and then the vocals and solos could be added later, using as many "takes" or attempts as it took.
As well, for a song that used 20 instruments, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time.
A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, and then a horn section could be brought in a week later to add horn shots and punches, and then a string section could be brought in a week after that. While this facilitated the recording process and allow multiple takes, the multitrack recording had another profound effect on music production   it enabled producers and audio engineers to create new sounds that would be impossible to do in a live performance style ordering.
Examples include the psychedelic rock sound effects of the s, e. During the same period, the instruments of popular music began to shift from the acoustic instruments of traditional music pianoupright bassacoustic guitarstrings, brass and wind instruments to electric pianoelectronic organsynthesizerelectric bass and electric guitar.
These new instruments were electric or electronic, and thus they used instrument amplifiers and speaker enclosures speaker cabinets to create sound.
Electric and electronic instruments and amplifiers enabled performers and producers to change the tone and sound of instruments to produce unique electric sounds that would be impossible to achieve with acoustic instruments and live performers, such as having a singer do her own backup vocals or having a guitarist play 15 layers of backing parts to her own solo.
A producer could blend together multiple takes and edit together different sections to create the desired sound.
For example, in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer Miles Davis ' album Bitches Brewthe producer cut and edited sections together from extensive improvisation sessions.
Phil Spector producing Modern Folk QuartetProducers like Phil Spector and George Martin were soon creating recordings that were, in practical terms, almost impossible to realize in live performance.
Producers became creative figures in the studio. As pop acts like The Beatles, The Rolling StonesThe Beach Boys and The Kinks gained expertise in studio recording techniques, many of these groups eventually took over as frequently uncredited producers of their own work.
Many recordings by acts such as The Rolling StonesThe Kinks and The Who are officially credited to their various producers at the time, but a number of these performers have since asserted that many of their recordings in this period were, either wholly self-produced e.
The Rolling Stones' Decca recordings or collaborations between the group and their recording engineer e. Alongside The Beatles and Martin, Wilson also pioneered many production innovations — by he had developed Spector's techniques to a new level of sophistication, using multiple studios and multiple "takes" of instrumental and vocal components to capture the best possible combinations of sound and performance, and then using tape editing extensively to assemble a perfect composite performance from these elements.
At the end of the 20th century, digital recording and producing tools, then widespread availability of relatively affordable computers with music software made music producing more accessible.Step up your game with a modern voice & text chat app.
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