This conference was primarily a response to growing expectations for a new public health movement around the world. Discussions focused on the needs in industrialized countries, but took into account similar concerns in all other regions. Health Promotion Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment.
Build Healthy Public Policy Health promotion goes beyond health care. It puts health on the agenda of policy makers in all sectors and at all levels, directing them to be aware of the health consequences of their decisions and to accept their responsibilities for health.
Health promotion policy combines diverse but complementary approaches including legislation, fiscal measures, taxation and organizational change. It is coordinated action that leads to health, income and social policies that foster greater equity. Joint action contributes to ensuring safer and healthier goods and services, healthier public services, and cleaner, more enjoyable environments.
Health promotion policy requires the identification of obstacles to the adoption of healthy public policies in non-health sectors, and ways of removing them. The aim must be to make the healthier choice the easier choice for policy makers as well. Create Supportive Environments Our societies are complex and interrelated.
Health cannot be separated from other goals. The inextricable links between people and their environment constitutes the basis for a socioecological approach to health.
The overall guiding principle for the world, nations, regions and communities alike, is the need to encourage reciprocal maintenance - to take care of each other, our communities and our natural environment. The conservation of natural resources throughout the world should be emphasized as a global responsibility.
Changing patterns of life, work and leisure have a significant impact on health. Work and leisure should be a source of health for people. The way society organizes work should help create a healthy society.
Health promotion generates living and working conditions that are safe, stimulating, satisfying and enjoyable. Systematic assessment of the health impact of a rapidly changing environment - particularly in areas of technology, work, energy production and urbanization - is essential and must be followed by action to ensure positive benefit to the health of the public.
The protection of the natural and built environments and the conservation of natural resources must be addressed in any health promotion strategy. Strengthen Community Actions Health promotion works through concrete and effective community action in setting priorities, making decisions, planning strategies and implementing them to achieve better health.
At the heart of this process is the empowerment of communities - their ownership and control of their own endeavours and destinies. Community development draws on existing human and material resources in the community to enhance self-help and social support, and to develop flexible systems for strengthening public participation in and direction of health matters.
This requires full and continuous access to information, learning opportunities for health, as well as funding support. Develop Personal Skills Health promotion supports personal and social development through providing information, education for health, and enhancing life skills.The first International Conference on Health Promotion was held in Ottawa, Canada in November The aim of the conference was action to achieve Health for all by the year and beyond.
The Ottawa Conference is one of five International Health Promotion Conferences, exploring key health. Unfortunately, thirty years after the launch of Ottawa Charter, very few developing countries have implemented the charter actions in terms of diabetes care. Struggling to get the minimal subsistence in terms of insulin and oral drugs, poor, rural and non-educated people with diabetes can neither afford the (out-of-pocket) cost of a regular.
The Ottawa Charter considers these principles when devising health promotion campaigns to support and protect people or groups who experience disadvantage. Social justice principles are enforced by “action areas” which uphold the same values.
Ottawa Charter PDHPE Assessment Task 1 Cardiovascular Disease The Ottawa Charter aims to improve the health of all Australians through the use of its five action areas.
Health promotion priority action areas identified in the Ottawa Charter are: Build healthy public policy - health promotion policy combines diverse but complementary approaches, including legislation, fiscal measures, taxation and organisation change.
– the five action areas of the ottawa charter Just as partnerships in health promotion improve health outcomes for the population, its effectiveness is enhanced when it is based on the five action areas of the Ottawa Charter.