Round Corner up sheets. Electric and Manual Systems. Wire Binding Systems and Supplies Double strands of wire wrap around the punched holes to create the bind.
History[ edit ] Before the 19th century, hay was cut by hand and most typically stored in haystacks using hay forks to rake and gather the scythed grasses into optimal sized heaps — neither too large promoting conditions that might create spontaneous combustionnor too small, so much of the pile is susceptible to rotting.
These haystacks lifted most of the plant fibers up off the ground, letting air in and water drain out, so the grasses could dry and cure, to retain nutrition for livestock feed at a later time. In the s, mechanical cutting devices were developed; from these came the modern devices including mechanical mowers and balers.
Ina reaper that used a knotter device to bundle and bind hay was invented by Charles Withington; this was commercialized in by Cyrus McCormick. This was a portable machine designed for use with threshing machines.
Allis Chalmers Rotobaler Round baler dumping a fresh bale The most common type of baler in industrialized countries today is the round baler. It produces cylinder-shaped "round" or "rolled" bales. The design has a "thatched roof" effect that withstands weather well.
When the bale reaches a predetermined size, either netting or twine is wrapped around it to hold its shape. The back of the baler swings open, and the bale is discharged. The bales are complete at this stage, but they may also be wrapped in plastic sheeting by a bale wrappereither to keep hay dry when stored outside or convert damp grass into silage.
Marketed for the water-shedding and light weight properties of its hay bales, AC had sold nearly 70, units by the end of production in Buchele, a professor of Agricultural Engineering, seeking a research topic for a master thesis. The baler has become the predominant forage-handling machine in the United States.
Buchele about his design, then fabricated a large ground-rolling round baler which baled hay that had been laid out in a windrowand began manufacturing large round balers in The Vermeer design used belts to compact hay into a cylindrical shape as is seen today.
Due to the heavy torque required for such equipment, double Cardan joints are primarily used. Former Walterscheid engineer Martin Brown is credited with "inventing" this use for universal joints.
Byfifteen American and Canadian companies were manufacturing large round balers. Small round bales can typically be moved by hand or with lower-powered equipment. Large round bales, due to their size and weight they can weigh a ton or more require special transport and moving equipment.
The most important tool for large round bale handling is the bale spear or spike, which is usually mounted on the back of a tractor or the front of a skid-steer. It is inserted into the approximate center of the round bale, then lifted and the bale is hauled away.
Once at the destination, the bale is set down, and the spear pulled out. Careful placement of the spear in the center is needed or the bale can spin around and touch the ground while in transport, causing a loss of control.
When used for wrapped bales that are to be stored further, the spear makes a hole in the wrapping that must be sealed with plastic tape to maintain a hermetic seal.
Alternatively, a grapple fork may be used to lift and transport large round bales. The grapple fork is a hydraulically driven implement attached to the end of a tractor's bucket loader. When the hydraulic cylinder is extended, the fork clamps downward toward the bucket, much like a closing hand.
To move a large round bale, the tractor approaches the bale from the side and places the bucket underneath the bale. The fork is then clamped down across the top of the bale, and the bucket is lifted with the bale in tow. Grab hooks installed on the bucket of a tractor are another tool used to handle round bales, and be done by a farmer with welding skills by welding two hooks and a heavy chain to the outside top of a tractor front loader bucket.
Long-haul transport[ edit ] The rounded surface of round bales poses a challenge for long-haul, flat-bed transport, as they could roll off of the flat surface if not properly supported.
This is particularly the case with large round bales; their size makes them difficult to flip, so it may not be feasible to flip many of them onto the flat surface for transport and then re-position them on the round surface at the destination.
One option that works with both large and small round bales is to equip the flat-bed trailer with guard-rails at either end, which prevent bales from rolling either forward or backward.
Another solution is the saddle wagon, which has closely spaced rounded saddles or support posts in which round bales sit. The tall sides of each saddle prevent the bales from rolling around while on the wagon, as the bale settles down in between posts.
The round baler's rotational forming and compaction process also enables both large and small round bales to be fed out by unrolling the bale, leaving a continuous flat strip in the field or behind a feeding barrier.
Silage or haylage[ edit ] Video: Picking up and applying plastic cling wrap to a round bale.This Fellowes Powershred paper shredder provides high-speed sheet shredding that saves time Keep your workspace quiet and distraction-free while shredding proprietary and financial information with ease using this Fellowes paper shredded.
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