In Iran this is called "Arvand Rood", where "Rood" means "river".
Persian Gulf States Table of Contents At the end of World War I, the Arab states of the gulf were weak, with faltering economies and with local rulers who maintained their autonomy only with British assistance. The rulers controlled mainly the small port cities and some of the hinterland.
The sultan in Oman claimed a somewhat larger area, but resistance to his rule made it difficult for him to exert his authority much beyond Muscat.
The discovery of oil in the region changed all this. Socal then obtained a concession in Saudi Arabia in and discovered oil in commercial quantities in A flurry of oil exploration activity occurred in the gulf in the s with the United States and Britain competing with one another for oil concessions.
Although the shah and the British later agreed on new terms, the threat of losing Iranian oil convinced the British in particular that they must find other sources. The small states of the Persian Gulf were a natural place to look. Geological conditions were similar to those in Iran, and, because of treaties signed between andthe British had substantial influence and could restrict foreign access.
Oil exploration did not mean immediate wealth for Arab rulers of the area. Although the oil companies struck large deposits of oil in Bahrain almost immediately, it took longer in other countries to locate finds of commercial size. Oman, for instance, was unable to export oil until World War II delayed development of whatever fields had been discovered in the s; so it was not until the s that countries still technically dependent on Britain for their security began to earn large incomes.
The oil fields in Kuwait were developed the fastest, and by that nation had become the largest oil producer in the gulf. Considerably smaller fields in Qatar came onstream in commercial quantities in the s, and Abu Dhabi began to export offshore oil in Dubayy began to profit from offshore oil deposits in the late s.
Until the s, foreign companies owned and managed the gulf oil industry. In most cases, European- and United States-based concerns formed subsidiaries to work in specific countries, and these subsidiaries paid fees to the local rulers, first for the right to explore for oil and later for the right to export the oil.
When the first arrangements were made, local rulers had a weak bargaining position because they had few other sources of income and were eager to get revenues from the oil companies as fast as possible. Moreover, in no one knew the size of gulf oil reserves.
As production increased and the extent of oil deposits became known, indigenous rulers improved their terms. In the s, rulers routinely demanded an equal share of oil company profits in addition to a royalty fee.
By the s, most of the gulf countries, which by then were independent of British control, bought major shares in the subsidiary companies that worked within their borders.
By the early s, many of these subsidiaries had become completely state-owned concerns. They continued to employ Western experts at the highest decisionmaking levels, but the local government had ultimate responsibility and profits.Persian Gulf War, also called Gulf War, (–91), international conflict that was triggered by Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait on August 2, Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein, ordered the invasion and occupation of Kuwait with the apparent aim of acquiring that nation’s large oil reserves, canceling a large debt Iraq owed Kuwait, and expanding Iraqi power in the region.
More Surprise Marriage Proposals on heartoftexashop.com Please Share this video on Facebook! Thanks ;) اشتراک گزاری شما محبت شما عزیزان هست. The Persian Gulf (Persian: خلیج فارس , translit.
Xalij-e Fârs, lit. 'Gulf of Fars'), is a mediterranean sea in Western heartoftexashop.com body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest.
The Shatt al-Arab river delta forms the northwest shoreline. The Persian Gulf naming dispute is concerned with the name of the body of water known historically and internationally as the Persian Gulf (Persian: خلیج فارس ), after the land of Persia (the traditional name of Iran).
Mar 17, · Watch video · Find out more about the history of Persian Gulf War, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on heartoftexashop.com The Persian Gulf Map for DCS World focuses on the Strait of Hormuz, which is the strategic choke point between the oil-rich Persian Gulf and the rest of the world.
Flanked by Iran to the North and western-supported UAE and Oman to the south, this has been one of the world’s most dangerous flash points for decades. It was the location of.