On that day the representatives of the Third Estate left the Estates-General and formed their own body, which they called the National Assembly. While different historians would name different events as the beginning of the Revolution, the National Assembly was the body that created France as a constitutional monarchy.
Glossary and Terms What was the French Revolution? The French Revolution was a period of time in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government.
Unknown When did it take place? The French Revolution lasted 10 years from to It began on July 14, when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. The revolution came to an end when a general named Napoleon overthrew the revolutionary government and established the French Consulate with Napoleon as leader.
Most of the people were members of the Third Estate. The Third Estate paid most of the taxes, while the nobility lived lives of luxury and got all the high-ranking jobs.
Revolutionary Government The French Government was in constant turmoil throughout the revolution. At the start of the revolution, representatives from the Third Estate established the National Assembly where they demanded that King Louis XVI give them certain rights.
This group soon took control of the country. They changed names over time to the Legislative Assembly and, later, to the National Convention. After the Reign of Terror, a new government was formed called the Directory.
The Directory ruled until Napoleon took control. Reign of Terror The darkest period of the French Revolution is called the Reign of Terror which lasted from to He wanted to stamp out any opposition to the revolution, so he called for a rule of "Terror.
Thousands of people were executed including Queen Marie Antoinette and many of Robespierre's political rivals. Political Clubs Many of the new political ideas and alliances of the French Revolution were formed in political clubs.
Outcome The French Revolution completely changed the social and political structure of France.
It put an end to the French monarchy, feudalism, and took political power from the Catholic church. It brought new ideas to Europe including liberty and freedom for the commoner as well as the abolishment of slavery and the rights of women. Although the revolution ended with the rise of Napoleon, the ideas and reforms did not die.
These new ideas continued to influence Europe and helped to shape many of Europe's modern-day governments.He arrived in time to lead a coup against the Directory in , eventually stepping up and naming himself “first consul”—effectively, the leader of France.
With Napoleon at the helm, the Revolution ended, and France entered a fifteen-year period of military rule. The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern history. It took place between and and resulted in profound political and social change, most noticeably the establishment of the.
Nov 09, · Watch video · The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in and ended in the late s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte.
During this period, French citizens. Influence of the French Revolution The French Revolution had a major impact on Europe and the New World. A Decade of Revolution – () the Revolution in European context; Desan, Suzanne, et al. eds. The French Revolution in Global Perspective ().
French Revolution - Aristocratic revolt, – The Revolution took shape in France when the controller general of finances, Charles-Alexandre de Calonne, arranged the summoning of an assembly of “notables” (prelates, great noblemen, and a few representatives of the bourgeoisie) in February to propose reforms designed to .
The Revolution also gave new meanings and new ideas to the political ideas of the people. The French Revolution was spread over the ten year period between and The primary cause of the revolution was the disputes over the peoples' differing ideas of reform.